Periodontal health is critical when it comes to taking care of your dental needs. While many people think about teeth and avoiding cavities, maintaining healthy gums is also vital. If you are about to go to the dentist’s office and have a gum examination, it is helpful to know what to expect. Gum disease can…
What Is Cosmetic Gum Surgery?
People who do not like the appearance of their smile may want to consider cosmetic gum surgery. This procedure is typically medically unnecessary, but it helps improve the appearance of the gums and is a popular cosmetic dental procedure. Some people do not like how their smile looks because the gumline is too high, making the teeth appear longer. Other people have excess gum tissue, which hangs over the teeth and makes them look smaller than they are. Fortunately, there are options to change the gumline and improve the smile, which increases confidence and self-esteem.
Causes of uneven gums
There are various things that can cause the gums to be too high or too low. If the gums are too high, gum recession is a main cause. Not only does this result in a cosmetic issue, but it can lead to dental issues like tooth loss and decay. It can also be uncomfortable because it exposes the tooth’s root, making a person's tooth more sensitive to hot and cold.
With excess gum tissue, also known as gingival hyperplasia, the cause may be genetic or poor oral hygiene. It can also be caused by certain prescription medications or a health problem, such as diabetes, HIV, anemia, lymphoma or vitamin deficiencies.
Types of cosmetic gum surgery
If someone wants to change the gumline, there are a few options available for cosmetic gum surgery.
One option for gum recession is a graft, which is also known as soft tissue augmentation. During this surgical procedure, the dentist takes tissue from the palate and uses it to cover an exposed tooth root or to develop extra gums. Instead of using the patient’s tissues, the donor source may be from a special synthetic graft substitute material.
This method of grafting can be performed on one or multiple teeth. This procedure is beneficial for cosmetic reasons as well as to prevent future bone loss and recession.
Another name for gingival lift is gum contouring, and the procedure reduces excess gum tissue. This is a surgical procedure that may be performed in a variety of ways, including:
- Electrosurgery – the dentist uses electric currents to remove or cut overgrown gum tissue
- Laser excision – lasers are used to remove gum tissue
- Periodontal flap surgery – the gums are separated temporarily from the teeth to allow the dentist access to remove excess tissue and clean out tarter and plaque
Receding gums, excess tissue or an uneven gumline can greatly affect someone’s smile, and cosmetic gum surgery is a viable choice for people who want to improve their appearance. During a consultation, the dentist will examine the teeth and gums and determine if there are additional oral health or cosmetic issues. Depending on the patient’s goals, the dentist may then recommend one of the gum procedures on its own or combine it with additional cosmetic dental procedures as part of a smile makeover.
Are you considering cosmetic gum surgery in the San Jose area? Get more information at https://www.claraandiriousdds.com.
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